Frequently Asked Questions for Veterinarians in Cedar Park

How often should my pet have an exam?

Parmer Lane Pet Hospital recommends yearly visits for most pets and older pets coming in more frequently – at least every 6 months. Yearly exams include physical examinations by our veterinarians plus annual vaccinations or booster vaccinations, parasite screening & prevention, and various lab tests performed.

For puppies and kittens, we need to see them on a more frequent schedule during their first year of life. For pets over age 7, we recommend exams and blood work every 6 months to help us detect diseases and issues before they become a problem.

Why does my pet need a dental cleaning?

Many people think that it is normal for a dog to have bad breath, but that is not the case. Bad breath is caused by bacteria in the mouth that create byproducts that contain sulfur. Regular home cleanings accompanied by scheduled professional cleanings will help to prevent bad breath and the bacteria that cause it.

Besides just bad breath, dental disease:

  • Releases bacteria into the bloodstream
  • Increases risk for heart, liver and kidney disease
  • Can cause severe pain and problems for your pet

Pets need regular dental cleanings to increase quality and length of life and:

  • Allows us to chart dental disease over time
  • Means less time under anesthesia
  • Reduces the need for more advanced and expensive treatment in the future such as teeth extractions and oral surgery

Dental disease is the most common disease in dogs. Recent studies show that 85% of cats and 92% of dogs over age 3 have periodontal disease.

What happens during my pet’s dental cleaning?

A thorough dental cleaning can only be accomplished while the pet is under general anesthesia. The anesthesia we use is safe for all animals and your pet is constantly monitored during the dental procedure. Prior to anesthesia, blood tests are performed to help uncover any hidden illnesses.

A professional cleaning (sometimes called a prophylaxis) removes plaque and tartar from the teeth. Your pet's entire mouth health (teeth, tongue, gums, and lips) will be examined and assessed.

I noticed a change in my pet’s behavior. Should I see a veterinarian?

Pets cannot tell us how they feel and are able to hide their pain from us (especially cats). Changes in behavior such as appetite change, lethargy, energy level, aggressiveness, inappropriate elimination, and vocalization (barking/meowing) can be symptoms of behavior or health issues. Contact our vet hospital for an exam appointment right away.

What should I do if I notice fleas or ticks on my pet?

Isolate your pet from other animals and small children to prevent the spread of the parasite to them. Bring your pet to our vet clinic for thorough testing for parasites. Parasites can most often be easily treated, but parasite preventative measures are best for your pet and your wallet. We have safe and effective parasite prevention products available.

At what age should I have my pet spayed or neutered?

Parmer Lane Pet Hospital recommends waiting until your pet is at least 6 months of age before seeking a spay or neuter procedure. Contact us to discuss specific details based on species, breed, and size. Spaying/neutering has health and behavioral benefits to your pet and of course, helps prevent overpopulation.

Is it a good idea to let my pet have at least one litter?

No, there is no advantage to letting your pet have one litter. However, there are plenty of advantages to having your pet spayed or neutered. These advantages include decreasing the chances of breast tumors later in life, decreasing the chance of cystic ovaries and uterine infections later in life, decreasing the desire to roam the neighborhood, decreasing the incidence of prostate disease later in life, helping prevent spraying and marking, and also decreases the surplus of unwanted puppies and kittens.

What are heartworms? How can I prevent my pet from getting heartworms?

One infected mosquito is all it takes to infect your dog with the baby form (larval stage) of the heartworm parasite.

Heartworms are a serious and potentially fatal disease in pets. Twelve-inch-long worms (looks like spaghetti) live in the heart, lungs, and blood vessels of infected pets, causing lung disease, heart failure, organ damage, and can be fatal if untreated.

How does my pet get heartworms? Heartworms living in an infected dog, cat, or wildlife produce baby worms that circulate in the bloodstream. When a mosquito bites an infected animal, it picks up these worms and when it bites another animal, the worms enter through the bite wound. Heartworms can grow and live for 5 - 7 years in dogs and 3 years in cats.

What can I do to protect my pet? Heartworm disease is preventable! Dogs should be tested annually and before starting prevention. Provide heartworm prevention 12 months of the year. Prevention is the safest and most cost-effective option, but treatment is available for dogs (although costly and lengthy). Cats should be tested before starting prevention and re-tested as the veterinarian deems appropriate. There is NO treatment in cats, so prevention is critical and the only means of protection.

Parmer Lane Pet Hospital has safe, effective products available that cater to you and your pet's lifestyle and your budget. Heartworm prevention should be provided 12 months of the year.

Do you treat pets other than cats or dogs?

Our practice is presently limited to the medical and surgical care of cats and dogs.

Can I request a certain doctor?

Yes. When you call for an appointment, we will let you know when the doctor you are requesting is available. There will be times when certain doctors are in surgery or caring for hospitalized cases and be unavailable. We hope you will be able to meet all our doctors at some point and be comfortable seeing any of them.

What is your vaccine protocol?

We follow the American Animal Hospital Association guidelines for dogs and the Association of Feline Practitioners guidelines for cats. Our general philosophy is to vaccinate less frequently and more selectively in accordance with newer ideas in preventative health care. Be advised that state law requires a doctor examination with many vaccines.

AAHA canine vaccine guidelines: https://www.aaha.org/guidelines/canine_vaccination_guidelines.aspx

AAFP feline vaccine guidelines: https://www.catvets.com/guidelines/practice-guidelines/feline-vaccination-guidelines

What do I do if my pet has a medical emergency?

If during our regular business hours, call to let us help you assess the situation and we will get you right in to be seen. If after hours, there are 3 nearby all-night and weekend emergency hospitals that we work with on a regular basis. Below is the contact information for each. Our doctors can usually be reached on their cell phones after hours if you have a medical concern or problem you need to discuss. Call our office number, and the recording will give you the numbers to call.

Emergency Animal Hospital Northwest Austin
eahnwa.com
12034 Research Boulevard
Austin
512-331-6121

Central Texas Veterinary Specialty and Emergency Hospital
ctvsh.com
301 Chisholm Trail
Round Rock
512-982-0535

Heart of Texas Emergency Center
heartoftexasvets.com
115 East Old Settlers Blvd
Round Rock
512-351-4333

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